A string is an array of letters, numbers, and other symbols. A string may be defined within quotes, inverted quotes, and [[ ]] (used for multi-line strings). Strings are escaped with backslashes.
The following is proof of the string type.
The following is a list of all the ways to define a string.
string string string
The following is a sample of string escapes.
Did you know that the string metatable comes built in with the string library?
The following is a sample using the string library from within the string's metatable.